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The Different Types of Secured Loans: Which One is Right for You?


The Different Types of Secured Loans: Which One is Right for You?

The Different Types of Secured Loans: Which One is Right for You?

Secured loans: Women making decisions

In today’s financial landscape, availing of loans is integral to funding various personal and business goals. Among the many loan options available, secured loans stand out as a means to acquire funds with typically lower interest rates to borrowers while minimizing the risk for lenders.

Collateral such as vehicles, real estate, or other valuable assets backs secured loans. Collaterals provide a safety net for lenders in case a borrower defaults on payments. The collateral for secured loans may be the asset you plan to purchase using the loan proceeds.

Borrowers often avail of secured loans when they need a more considerable loan, such as an auto or a home loan. Understanding the types of secured loans is essential in selecting the right loan type that best aligns with your specific financial needs and circumstances.

Types of Secured Loans

Expert Assessment of Secured Loans

There are various types of secured loans. There is a secured loan to match your specific borrowing needs.

  • Auto Loans

    Auto loans are secured loans designed to help individuals finance the purchase of a vehicle. If you want to purchase a vehicle but still need to get the total purchase amount, you can obtain an auto loan from a bank, credit union, or online lender.

    In an auto loan, you pay back the lender in equal monthly installments, the amount of the loan plus the interest throughout the loan, typically between 36 to 72 months.

    In auto loans, the effective interest rate you pay on your loan is the annual percentage rate (APR). The APR is a yearly percentage.

    • A higher down payment lowers your loan amount.
    • A lower loan amount means lower interest rates.
    • A lower APR lowers your monthly installments and the total cost of your loan.
    • A longer loan term lowers your monthly payments, but you will pay more interest.

    Auto loans break down into the loan amount or principal, interest on the loan, and other fees.

  • Home Equity Loans

    Home equity loans are secured loans that allow homeowners to borrow money using their home’s equity as collateral. Equity is the difference between the current market value of your home and the outstanding balance on your mortgage.

    A home equity loan is like a second mortgage. Before applying for a home equity loan, you need to determine how much equity you have in your home. Typically, lenders have maximum loan-to-value (LTV) ratios.

    The LTV determines how much you can borrow using your home’s equity as collateral. The amount of a home equity loan is determined based on a percentage of the home’s appraised value.

    Home equity loans are fixed-rate loans or home equity lines of credit (HELOC). In a fixed-rate home equity loan, the lender will release your loan in one lump sum. In HELOCs, borrowers receive revolving lines of credit.

  • Savings Secured Loan

    In a savings secure loan, your savings account acts as your collateral. The loan amount in a savings secure loan is typically a percentage of your savings account balance. This type of secured loan comes with lower interest rates.

    Since your savings account is the collateral, in most cases, you can only withdraw the funds after paying your loan in full. However, your savings account will continue to earn interest.

  • Certificate Secured Loan

    A certificate secured loan is similar to a savings secured loan, but your certificate account is the collateral this time.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Secured Loans

Quick Approval Personal Loans

Secured loans have their advantages and disadvantages. Whether getting a secured loan is the right option depends on your circumstances and financial goals.

Advantages of secured loans include:

  • Easier to qualify
  • Large borrowing limit
  • Typically, lower interest rates due to lower risks to lenders
  • More accessible for those with bad credit
  • It helps establish or rebuild your credit history as long as you make on-time payments
  • Tax deductions for interest paid (e.g., mortgages)
  • Flexible repayment terms

Disadvantages of secured loans include:

  • Risk of losing your collateral
  • You can only use your pledged collateral for other purposes or sell it once you have fully paid the loan.
  • There are some restrictions on how you can use the loan amount
  • Defaults in repayment can damage your credit
  • Higher loan amounts can lead to over-borrowing

If you have any doubts, consider seeking advice from a financial advisor before availing of a secured loan.

How to Choose the Right Secured Loan for You

It is crucial to consider your financial situation, needs, and goals before choosing the right secured loan.

  • Review your current income, expenses, and overall financial health. Make sure you can comfortably afford the monthly payments of your secured loan or risk losing your collateral.
  • Clearly define the purpose of the loan to avoid over-borrowing.
  • Identify the assets you will use as collateral and the potential effect of losing the collateral.
  • Research potential lenders, including banks, credit unions, and online lenders.
  • Seek advice from a financial advisor if you need clarification on any aspect of the loan.

Secured loans require a commitment to make on-time monthly payments or potentially risk losing your collateral. Take your time. Study each type of secure loan and choose one that matches your financial situation and long-term objectives.


Secured loans give you access to large sums with usually lower interest rates. However, you must meet monthly repayments to safeguard your collateral. Balancing the elements of a secured loan requires careful consideration, comparing terms, and understanding the gains and risks of each loan type.

The final decision of which loan type to apply for involves financial literacy and meticulous research to achieve financial stability and growth. Choose the secured loan for the right intended purpose to ensure your growth and financial stability.

Greater Alliance Federal Union offers auto loans and Home credit loans to new and existing members with favorable interest rates and loan terms.